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Forestry is the science and the art of lasting forest management, as well as other ecosystems and resources associated with forests. It is also a significant economic branch in terms of gaining material and energy, as well as engaging the labor force. Forestry is intended to know forests and forest ecosystems and ultimately manage them for the general benefit of the individual, society and humanity. It is a term that has been introduced to forestry more than a hundred years ago, and a few years ago ecologists have updated the same thing and are now renowned as renewed. This means that the material from the forest can be taken, and that it is not less in the forest, but more. Everyone - and one who works in the woods or one who breathes air, drinks water, walking in the woods - has the benefit of the forests. It is good if the forestry and the state-owned business can benefit from economic benefits.
History of Forestry
Although forests have always existed, and they have always been used by both humans and forestry, as organized activity obviously has to have their historical foundation. Since various parts of Croatia have had a significantly different historical path, obviously there is no mention of unique history in forestry, so this article will be based mainly on historical flows in continental Croatia, and we will later discuss the specifics that existed in the Divine and Istria domains. Different authors will determine the beginning of organized forestry activities differently. Here, however, they would have opted for the Order of the Order of Mary Theresa of 27 July 1769, an important law, but also the first true guidance on the sustainable management of forests. The original name reads: "The command of the luggage, the gay and the gravestone of guarding and retention". Due to the duality of civilian Croatia and the Great Border, analogue documents, but conducted through the military structures of the Military Border, are the Forest Order for Petrovaradin, Naval and Township Regiments of 15 September 1755 and the Order of the Forest and the Instruction of February 23, 1765 for the Karlovac General . It is interesting to note that the latter was adopted by the inventory of forests for the Ogulin and part of the island regiment and Velebit (to the tent), carried out by engineering engineer pl. Pirker, and the author of the Instruction was the woodwind of J. C. Franzoni. Forests on the territory of Croatia and Slavonia are in the hands of many owners, but two are important. The Military Border is a special creation directly under the authority of the Emperor and the forests are here practically under military rule, that is, state, and their exclusive purpose is to settle the needs of the defenders. By deploying the Military Border, half of the forest remains state-owned, and the half is taken over by the wealthy municipalities by the purchase of servicemen's rights. Almost at the same time, the woods in the area of ​​Ban Croatia go through a similar process. By abolishing the patriotism, the purchase of the servitude rights of the serfs takes place, so that some of the forests are transferred to the land communities, while the part remains a nobleman. This is until 1929 when the state takes on the management of forests regardless of ownership. In the Law on Expropriation in 1945 all the forests are definitely deprived of ambassadors and churches, and in 1947 the same goes for the forests of wealthy municipalities and land communities. Since 1991, all state forests have been managed by a unique company - Hrvatske šume d.o.o. A significant place in the history of Croatian forestry has also the Croatian Forestry Society, which since 1846 has consistently brought together the forestry profession in these areas.
Forestry education
Education acquired by studying forestry is one of the more complex and represents a good foundation for managing natural resources. In other words, foresters through their studies acquire a good set of knowledge that can be managed well by forests and landscapes. See also Forestry Education in Croatia